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Strongly-Correlated Topological Kondo Insulators

Event Details

Event Dates: 

Thursday, March 3, 2016 - 12:00pm

Seminar Location: 

  • Duane Physics Room G126

Speaker Name(s): 

Victor Galitski

Speaker Affiliation(s): 

University of Maryland
Seminar Type/Subject

Scientific Seminar Type: 

  • Condensed Matter Seminar

Event Details & Abstract: 

In this talk I will review theoretical and experimental work on a new class of topological material systems - topological Kondo insulators, which appear as a result of interplay between strong correlations and spin-orbit interactions. I will start with introducing the by now standard theory of topological band insulators and explain the Fu-Kane method to calculate the Z2 topological index for time-reversal-invariant band structures in three dimensions. The method will be used to show that hybridization between the conduction electrons and localized f-electrons in certain heavy fermion compounds gives rise to interaction-induced topological insulating behavior. Next, I will discuss recent experimental results, which confirm our predictions in the Samarium hexaboride compound, where the long-standing puzzle of the residual low-temperature conductivity has been shown to originate from topological surface states. Samarium hexaboride is perhaps the only material currently available, where low-temperature transport is truly surface-dominated and has essentially no conduction in the bulk. I will also discuss recent non-perturbative results on topological Kondo insulators in low-dimensional systems. In conclusion, I will mention our ongoing theory-experimental collaborative work, which has resulted in creation of new, practical devices based on the topological surface states in Samarium hexaboride.