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Direct observation of Rydberg-Rydberg transitions via CPmmW spectroscopy

Event Details

Event Dates: 

Friday, June 13, 2014 - 2:00pm

Seminar Location: 

  • JILA X317

Speaker Name(s): 

Yan Zhou

Speaker Affiliation(s): 

MIT
Seminar Type/Subject

Scientific Seminar Type: 

  • JILA Public Seminar

Event Details & Abstract: 

Rydberg-Rydberg transitions of BaF molecules have been directly observed in our lab. The key to the experimental success is our ability to combine two powerful and new technologies, chirped-pulse millimeter-wave spectroscopy (CPmmW) and a buffer gas cooled molecular beam source. CPmmW spectroscopy is a form of broadband (20GHz bandwidth), high-resolution (50 kHz), free induction decay-detected (FID) spectroscopy with accurate relative intensities (10%), which had been previously applied to record Rydberg-Rydberg spectra of Ca atoms. To extend CPmmW spectroscopy to a molecular system, we have constructed a new setup, a 20 K Neon buffer gas cooled molecular beam system, which generates of beam containing >100 times more molecules and 10 times less translational velocity than a Smalley-type laser ablation supersonic beam source. Hundreds of molecular Rydberg-Rydberg transitions with high resolution and high dynamic range can now be recorded in a few hours. The success of this experiment suggests many applications in the near future, such as developing a user-friendly experimental method to studyand manipulate Rydberg molecules, preparing a single molecular beam pulse that contains 108 state-selected core-nonpenetrating Rydberg molecules/molecular ions, and studying the electronic structure (dipole and quadrupole moments and polarizability) of the molecular ion core with unprecedented precision and completeness. In addition, strong collective effects (superradiance) have also been observed.